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September 2, 2021 at 3:50 pm #3399Keymaster@badmin
A: meaning of “Rules”; Terms of the Competition
The “Rules” means:
- Rules 1-24 and the Definitions in these Rules of Golf, and
- Any “Local Rules” the adopts for the competition or the .
Players are also responsible for complying with all “Terms of the Competition” adopted by the(such as entry requirements, the form and dates of play, the number of and the number and order of holes in a ).
B: Applying the Rules
(1) Player Responsibility for Applying the Rules.
Players are responsible for applying the Rules to themselves:
- Players are expected to recognize when they have breached a Rule and to be honest in applying their own penalties.
- If a player knows that he or she has breached a Rule that involves a penalty and deliberately fails to apply the penalty, the player is disqualified.
- If two or more players deliberately agree to ignore any Rule or penalty they know applies and any of those players have started the disqualified (even if they have not yet acted on the agreement). , they are
- When it is necessary to decide questions of fact, a player is responsible for considering not only his or her own knowledge of the facts but also all other information that is reasonably available.
- A player may ask for help with the Rules from a Rule 20.1). or the , but if help is not available in a reasonable time the player must play on and raise the issue with a or the when they become available (see
(2) Accepting Player’s “Reasonable Judgment” in Determining a Location When Applying the Rules.
- Many Rules require a player to determine a spot, point, line, area or other location under the Rules, such as:
- Estimating where a ball last crossed the edge of a ,
- Estimating or measuring when or placing a ball in taking relief, or
- a ball on its original spot (whether the spot is known or estimated).
- Such determinations about location need to be made promptly and with care but often cannot be precise.
- So long as the player does what can be reasonably expected under the circumstances to make an accurate determination, the player’s reasonable judgment will be accepted even if, after the is made, the determination is shown to be wrong by video evidence or other information.
- If a player becomes aware of a wrong determination before the is made, it must be corrected (see Rule 14.5).
(1) Actions Giving Rise to Penalties.
A penalty applies when a breach of a Rule results from a player’s own actions or the actions of his or her(see Rule 10.3c).
A penalty also applies when:
- Another person takes an action that would breach the Rules if taken by the player or and that person does so at the player’s request or while acting with the player’s authority, or
- The player sees another person about to take an action concerning the player’s ball or that he or she knows would breach the Rules if taken by the player or and does not take reasonable steps to object or stop it from happening.
(2) Levels of Penalties.
Penalties are meant to cancel out any potential advantage to the player. There are three main penalty levels:
- One-Stroke Penalty. This penalty applies in both and under certain Rules where either (a) the potential advantage from a breach is minor or (b) a player takes penalty relief by playing a ball from a different place than where the original ball lies.
- General Penalty (Loss of Hole in Match Play, Two-Stroke Penalty in Stroke Play). This penalty applies for a breach of most Rules, where the potential advantage is more significant than where only one penalty stroke applies.
- Disqualification. In both Rule 1.2) or where the potential advantage is too significant for the player’s score to be considered valid. and , a player may be disqualified from the competition for certain actions or Rule breaches involving serious misconduct (see
(3) No Discretion to Vary Penalties.
Penalties need to be applied only as provided in the Rules:
- Neither a player nor the has authority to apply penalties in a different way, and
- A wrong application of a penalty or a failure to apply a penalty may stand only if it is too late to correct it (see Rules 20.1b(2)-(4), 20.2d and 20.2e).
(4) Applying Penalties to Multiple Breaches of the Rules.
If a player breaches multiple Rules or the same Rule multiple times before an intervening event happens (such as making aor becoming aware of the breach), the penalty that applies depends on what the player did:
- When Breaches Resulted from Unrelated Acts. The player gets a separate penalty for each breach.
- When Breaches Resulted from a Single Act or Related Acts. The player gets only one penalty; but if the act or acts breached multiple Rules involving different penalties, the higher-level penalty applies. For example:
- Multiple Procedural Breaches. If a player’s single act or related acts breach more than one of the procedural requirements for one penalty stroke in total. , lifting, cleaning, , or placing a ball where the penalty is one stroke, such as both lifting a ball without its spot and cleaning the lifted ball when not allowed, the player gets
- Playing Incorrectly Substituted Ball from a Wrong Place. In Rule 6.3b and also plays that ball from a in breach of Rule 14.7a, the player gets two penalty strokes in total. , if a player plays a ball when not allowed in breach of
- Combined Procedural and Substitution/Wrong Place Breaches: In two penalty strokes in total. , if a player’s single act or related acts breach one or more procedural requirements where the penalty is one stroke and also breach one or both of the Rules against playing an incorrectly ball and playing from a , the player gets
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